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Friday, May 25

  1. page Indian Independence edited {india_in.gif} Kaylee, Eliza, Hannah1960-1990"You should be the change that you want to see i…
    {india_in.gif} Kaylee, Eliza, Hannah1960-1990"You should be the change that you want to see in the world." -Gandhi
    Indian Independence started with India's Mahatma, Mohandas Gandhi. Gandhi came to South Africa and became involved in fighting against discrimination against the Indians, who were both being oppressed by the British and the Boers.He remained in South Africa until 1914 where he founded the Natal Indian Congress and the Indian Medical Corps. Indian Medical Corps fought on the British side during the Boer War. The British eventually defeated the Boers and conquered the rest of Boers republics. Although Gandhi had been on the British side, after World War I the British had began to crack down on Indian civil liberties, which caused Gandhi to establish nonviolent protests.One protest turned bad though when British troops started to gun down inocent Indian protesters. This was named the Amritsar Massacre, and greatly encouraged the idea of self-rule being needed. Gandhi soon after organized large scale campaigns which imprisoned him. Once released in 1930, he wrote the Declaration of Independence for India and led the Salt March. His protests were overall effective, as they led to the creation of the Government of India Act and the Indian National Congress. Though Indian Independence was on the move, once World War II broke out India began overwhelmed with violence and many leaders including Gandhi went to prison. This caused the British to feel the need to rid of India as soon as possible. The head of the Muslim League disagreed with this decision and proposed a separate state for India's muslims should be created. To Gandhi's distress, the British agreed and Pakistan was established. India broke out into terror and though Gandhi tried to calm the countrym his efforts were useless. He was then assainated by a journalists. India mourned the loss of their "Great Soul."
    Godse had hoped that Gandhi's death would lead to war between India and Pakistan and the elimination of the Muslim state. Instead, it led to peace, as Hindus and Muslims alike joined in mourning for the slain Mahatma. Indeed, the entire world mourned: flags were lowered to half-mast, and kings, popes, and presidents sent condolences to India. Gandhi had used Calcutta riots to fight for peace towards the end of his lif. Heclaimed he would fast until the riots ended.The fast lasted three days. but, violence throughout the country still continued. Gandhi had started another fast "unto death" or until peace was in Delhi, which lasted five days. Leaders had promised to make peace to end the fast. Ganhi's dreams of peace were never truly fulfilled but his influences changed more thaever thought possible by other leaders.He created a better life for Indians just by showing his beliefs in nonviolent protests and declarations.
    After Gandhi's death the nationalists of the Indian National Congress fought for independence, but they were, and always would be, a Westernized elite, out of touch with the vast masses inhabiting the real India. Even into the 21st century, India's new leader Nehru aspired to establish India as an industrialiazd state, and eventually a nuclear state. Leaving no room for focus on keeping peace. Overall, to the Indian people, Gandhi gave a nation. To the world, he gave satyagraha, arguably the most revolutionary idea of a long and ravaged century. He showed that political change could be affected by renouncing violence; that unjust laws could be defied peacefully and with a readiness to accept punishment; that "soul-force," as much as armed force, could bring down an empire. In some sense, Gandhi's greatest achievement lay in his legacy; for his ideals, and the example he provided in living them out, inspired, and continue to inspire, people of all nations to take up the peaceful struggle for freedom from oppression.

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    Terms:Mahatma: This was considered to be called the "Great Soul". Mohandas Gandhi had begun a movement to Indian self-rule before World War I.Civil Disobedience: This was a refusal to obey laws considered to be unjust by the British. Gandhi had protested agaisnt all these laws.Armistar: British troops killed hundreds of un-armed protesters in this city of Armistar. This country was in the northwestern India.Salt March: This was when Britain had increased the taxes on salt. Because of them doing so Gandhi led a "strike" along the sea to protest this.Pakistan: This was considered to be "The Land of the Pure". Beginning to believe in the creation of a seperate muslim state. This state was within Pakistan.Muslim League: This was formed in the 1930's. Under the leadership of Muhammad Ali Jinnah, he also believed in the seperate muslim state.Government of India Act: In 1935 this act expanded the rold of Indians within the governing process. This was passed in Britian since they had control overI India at this time.Indian National Congress: (INC). Founded in 1885 to seek out reforms in Britian's government of India. A broad based political party within India that believed in independence.Sikhs: Followers of a religion based on both Hinduism and Muslim ideas. The growing of ethinc and religious strife became a big problem within India.Punjab: Sikhs lived here. This was the northern province, they wanted it to be independent. Gandhi refuesed to it becoming independent and he used military force to enable this.
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    9:45 pm
  2. page Indian Independence edited {india_in.gif} Kaylee, Eliza, Hannah1960-1990"You should be the change that you want to see i…
    {india_in.gif} Kaylee, Eliza, Hannah1960-1990"You should be the change that you want to see in the world." -Gandhi
    Indian Independence started with India's Mahatma, Mohandas Gandhi. Gandhi came to South Africa and became involved in fighting against discrimination against the Indians, who were both being oppressed by the British and the Boers.He remained in South Africa until 1914 where he founded the Natal Indian Congress and the Indian Medical Corps. Indian Medical Corps fought on the British side during the Boer War. The British eventually defeated the Boers and conquered the rest of Boers republics. Although Gandhi had been on the British side, after World War I the British had began to crack down on Indian civil liberties, which caused Gandhi to establish nonviolent protests.One protest turned bad though when British troops started to gun down inocent Indian protesters. This was named the Amritsar Massacre, and greatly encouraged the idea of self-rule being needed. Gandhi soon after organized large scale campaigns which imprisoned him. Once released in 1930, he wrote the Declaration of Independence for India and led the Salt March. His protests were overall effective, as they led to the creation of the Government of India Act and the Indian National Congress. Though Indian Independence was on the move, once World War II broke out India began overwhelmed with violence and many leaders including Gandhi went to prison. This caused the British to feel the need to rid of India as soon as possible. The head of the Muslim League disagreed with this decision and proposed a separate state for India's muslims should be created. To Gandhi's distress, the British agreed and Pakistan was established. India broke out into terror and though Gandhi tried to calm the countrym his efforts were useless. He was then assainated by a journalists. India mourned the loss of their "Great Soul."
    Create your free online surveys with SurveyMonkey, the world's leading questionnaire tool.
    Terms:Mahatma: This was considered to be called the "Great Soul". Mohandas Gandhi had begun a movement to Indian self-rule before World War I.Civil Disobedience: This was a refusal to obey laws considered to be unjust by the British. Gandhi had protested agaisnt all these laws.Armistar: British troops killed hundreds of un-armed protesters in this city of Armistar. This country was in the northwestern India.Salt March: This was when Britain had increased the taxes on salt. Because of them doing so Gandhi led a "strike" along the sea to protest this.Pakistan: This was considered to be "The Land of the Pure". Beginning to believe in the creation of a seperate muslim state. This state was within Pakistan.Muslim League: This was formed in the 1930's. Under the leadership of Muhammad Ali Jinnah, he also believed in the seperate muslim state.Government of India Act: In 1935 this act expanded the rold of Indians within the governing process. This was passed in Britian since they had control overI India at this time.Indian National Congress: (INC). Founded in 1885 to seek out reforms in Britian's government of India. A broad based political party within India that believed in independence.Sikhs: Followers of a religion based on both Hinduism and Muslim ideas. The growing of ethinc and religious strife became a big problem within India.Punjab: Sikhs lived here. This was the northern province, they wanted it to be independent. Gandhi refuesed to it becoming independent and he used military force to enable this.
    Timeline:1885: The Indian National Congress (INC) was founded to seek refroms in Britian's government of India.1930: Britian had introduced measures on increasing their taxes on salt. Gandhi protested agasint this.1930: The muslim league were beginning to believe in the creation of a seperate Muslim state of Pakistan.1935: The Government of India Act is passed.August 15, 1947: India and Pakistan beame independent. Millions of hindus and muslims fled across the new borders.1966: Indira Gandhi was elected as the prime minister of Indida.1971: East Pakistan becomes independent. It became the new nation of Bangladesh.1984: Gandhi refused for Punjab to become independent and he used forces to seek out the sikhs that were in the golden temple.2002: India-Pakistan fighting over Kashmir starts to escalate.2002: East Timor wins independence from Indonesia.
    {II-4_Indira.png} {II-5_Rajiv.png} Rajiv Gandhi {II-6_Jawaharlal.png} Jawaharlal Nehru
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    of India {II-8_Achmed_Sukarno.jpg}{II-8_Achmed_Sukarno.jpg} Achmed Sukarno
    {II-9_Ho_chi.png} Ho Chi Minh
    People:
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    9:16 pm
  3. page World War II edited ... General Dwight D. Eisenhower- Was the supreme Commander of the Allied Forces stationed in Euro…
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    General Dwight D. Eisenhower- Was the supreme Commander of the Allied Forces stationed in Europe, and helped liberate Paris on August 25th 1944.
    General Douglas MacArthur- Fought in the Battle of the Leyete Gulf on October 20th, 1944 and helped recapture the Philippines which was fought both in the air and on the water.
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    Bulge Map {WW2-9.jpg}
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    Harry S.
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    Benito Mussolini {WW2-4.jpg}
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    D-Day at
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    Adolf Hitler {WW2.gif}
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    Europe during
    To Learn More:
    Franklin D. Roosevelt- A biography on FDR and his presidency.
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  4. page Age of Imperialism edited ... {zulu_warriors.PNG} Zulu Warriors {shaka_zulu.PNG} Shaka Zulu People: David Livingstone: A …
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    {zulu_warriors.PNG} Zulu Warriors {shaka_zulu.PNG} Shaka Zulu
    People:
    David Livingstone: A british explorer who traveled all over Africa and on one of his travels mysteriously disappeared. Henry Stanley was then hired to find Dr. Livingstone.
    Henry Stanley:
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    find Livingstone sfterafter he disappeared
    Shaka Zulu: The famous leader of the Zulu tribe in Africa, fought against the British and won several times as the British tried to expand their empire into Africa.
    Muhammad Ali: Freed the Egyptians and egypt gained independence from the Ottoman Empire.
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    for David lLiving stoneLivingstone in Africa
    Menelik II: An Ethiopian Emperor in 1896, lead the battle of Adowa and defeated the invading Italians and was soon the only African nation not under the European's control.
    Cecil Rhodes: Was the British Prime Minister of Cape Colony and helped expand the British Empire into Africa, he founded Rhodesia and named it after himself.
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    Imperialism in South Africa - Some of the events and effects they had on the Africans.
    Africa History Timeline -a timeline showing major events of the era that took place in Africa.
    David LivingstoneLivingstone- A brief diography and list of hid travels.
    Shaka Zulu- Biography about Shaka and the great Zulu battles.
    Henry Stanley- His biography and how he found Dr. Livingstone.
    Cecil Rhodes- His biography and his mission to control Africa.
    Muhammad Ali- How he freed the Egyptians and his other achievements.
    King Leopold II- How his reign affected Belgium.

    {boer_war.PNG} Soldiers of the Boer War
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  5. page Industrial Revolution and Intellectual Development edited ... Industrial Revolution and Intellectual Development This was the second push for more advanced …
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    Industrial Revolution and Intellectual Development This was the second push for more advanced technology and it was also a time when many new ideas about government systems were created. A couple of the most famous inventions were the light bulb by Thomas Edison and the telephone by Alexander Graham Bell in 1876. These inventions were created because of the discovery of electricity. Some of the other inventions of the era were the Kodak camera created by Eastman and the gasoline powered car invented by Daimler and Maybach. There were also some important discoveries made in this time. For example Guglielmo Marconi sent the first radio waves across the Atlantic Ocean. Next there were many ideas about how a government should be run and how the power should be distributed. Some believed that a classless society was what a country needed this theory was called the Marx’s Theory after Karl Marx who published his idea in The Communist Manifesto. There were multiple parties that followed Marx’s theories mixed in with their own beliefs. Two of these such parties were called the socialists, which worked in parliament to help the working class, and the revisionists, who believed there would be no revolution and thought communism would be achieved through organizing political parties to form that system. The World War I was fought to prevent the spread of this super powerful and controlling government system. Last the inventions of this era are probably the most popular inventions created because from modifying them we have the cars we use today, the lights and electricity we use, and finally, the cell phones. These inventions make communication, transportation and the manufacturing of goods much easier and greatly affect our economy. Lastly World War I was fought to keep America free and had a tremendous effect on the world today.
    {telephone.PNG} A telephone from the era. {first_gas_powered_car.PNG} One of the first gasoline powered automobiles. {albert_Einstein.PNG} Albert Einstein
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    of Russia {robert_fulton.PNG}
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    Robert Fulton-
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    paddle-wheel steamboat. {James_Watt.PNG}
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    James Watt-
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    Communist Manifesto. {steamboat.PNG}
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    A paddle-wheel
    10 Important People:
    Karl Marx-wrote The Communist Manifesto in 1848 and introduced the idea of communism to Europe, his theories about society became known as Marxism
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  6. page European Nationalism edited ... {mapj.jpg} map of Europe {fadkj.jpg} cartoon of nationalism ... Queen Victoria {iu.jpg} …
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    {mapj.jpg} map of Europe
    {fadkj.jpg} cartoon of nationalism
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    Queen Victoria {iu.jpg}{iu.jpg} July Revolution
    {charles.jpg} Charles X
    {imagesCAONYYLQ.jpg} Czar Alexander II {hjk.jpg} Louis XVIII
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    von Metternich {gfhy.jpg}{gfhy.jpg} Congress of
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  7. page Scientific Revolution and Enlightenment edited ... Some of the most important discoveries of the time period include both scientific and enlighte…
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    Some of the most important discoveries of the time period include both scientific and enlightenment ideas. Nicholas Copernicus discovered that the universe is heliocentric (Earth-centered), and laid down the foundation of today's universe. Galileo was a mathetician who published a book explaining the movement of Earth and other planets in the universe. Then there was Newton whose whole arguement was the universal law of gravitation. Newton changed how the world was looked at for years to come because of his ideas and remarkable discoveries. Although, the enlightenment discoveries are just as remarkable. The concepts of the Enlightenment are reason,natural law, hope, happiness, and progress. John Locke and Newton were the two most influential during this time and the two that really put the concepts into action. Locke argued that every human was born with a blank mind and were molded by the experience they had. Newton argued that the physical world and everything in it was like a giant machine. Neither of these philosophers concepts could be proven but they still had the biggest impact on the seventeenth century.
    Although the arts, science, and the enlightenment were still flourishing, some countries could not avoid conflict. In 1740 a major war broke out over Austrian succession of the throne. The war went on for seven years, therefore it was named the Seven Years War. Allies had been formed and taken apart and then formed again during this time. This particular war caused France to abandon Prussia and unite with Austria, this caused Russia to then also join their alliance. Britain in return allied with Prussia. Although, the war was destructive in many areas, the three main areas of conflict were Europe, India, and North America. The European war ended in 1763 with all territories being returned to their original owners. The Indian war ended with the Treaty of Paris, in which the French withdrew and left India to the British. Finally, the war in North America ended with France transferring Canada and the lands east of the Mississippi to England. The French also gave their Luisiana Purchase to the Spanish in return for their alliance. By the end of the Seven Years War, France had finally fallen and Britain had become the world's most powerful colonial force.
    {SR-4_Denis_Diderot.png} Denis Diderot
    {SR-5_Johannes_kepler.png} Johannes Kepler
    {SR-3_james_wolfe.png} James Wolfe {SR-2_Mary_woll.png} Mary Wollstonecraft
    {SR-1_Galen.png} Galen

    Terms:
    Geocentric: Places the Earth at the center of the
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    this time period.
    universe.
    period.universe.
    Ptolemaic system: Universe is a series of concentric spheres.
    Heliocentric: Sun-centered, conception of the universe offered more accurate explanation.
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