World of Islam600-1500Kaylee Stock, Makenzie Preston, Nicole Johnson
"It is your own conduct which will lead you to reward or punishment, as if you had been destined therefor."
-Muhammad
Islam Map
Islam Map

The Arabian Peninsula was the home of the Arabs, they lived in a desert land that lacked rivers and lakes. They were nomads that moved around to find water and food. They were split in to tribes who were ruled by sheikh. The Arabs were farmers and sheepherders. Many Arabs were polytheistic, or believed in many gods. Their supreme god was Allah.

Worshiping a Mosques
Worshiping a Mosques

Like christianity and judism, Islam is monotheistic. The believed that Allah created the universe and everything in it. Islam offers the hope of an afterlife to those who practice the religion. Islam does not believe that the first preacher was divine. Muhammad was a prophet and was also a man like other men. Muslims are people that practice the Islam religion.

Arabs were known of there trade within the Islamic world China, the Byzantine Empire, India, and Southeast Asia. They traded by ship and camel caravans. They traded things like gold and slaves, silk and porcelain, ivory, sandalwood and spices, also grain and linens. Farming was big in the area, most of the people lived in the countyside. Their art came from the Arab, Turkish, and Persian traditions.
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Sheikh


Terms:
1. Sheikh~ The ruler of an Arabic tribe, chosen from one of the leading families by a council of elders
2. Caliph~ A successor of Muhammad as spiritual and temporal leader of the Muslims
3. Mosques~ A Muslim house of worship
4. Bazaar~ A covered market in Islamic cities
5. Dowry~ A gift of money or property paid at the time of marriage, either by the bride's parents to her hudband or, in Islamic societies, by a husband to his wife


Mosques
Mosques


People:
Muhammad (c. 570–632)-Arab prophet and founder of Islam. In c.610, in Mecca, he received the first of a series of revelations
Hussein-Second son of Ali and son-in-law of Muhammad, led revolt against Umayyad rule in 680
Abu Bakr-Muhammad's Father-In-Law, a wealthy merchant who was named caliph, or successor of Muhammad and was chosen to rule after Muhammad
Saladin- Muslim ruler who took control and made himself sultan,took the offensive against the Christian states in the area
Omar Khayyam-wrote one of the most familiar pieces of literature called Rubaiyat, known as a poet, mathematician, and astronomer






Mosques
Mosques

Timeline of Important Events:
570 CE- Birth of Muhammad.
610 CE- Muhammad receives first vision in a cave near Mecca.
632 CE- Death of Muhammad. Abu Bakr chosen as caliph
650 CE- Caliph Uthman has the Qur'an written down.
656 CE- Uthman is murdered; Ali becomes fourth caliph.
661 CE- Ali is murdered; Mu'awiya becomes caliph. Beginning of Umayyad Caliphate (661-750).
600 CE-Ruling classes in East and West Africa convert to Islam.
710 CE- Arab armies enter Spain from North Africa.
732 CE- Muslim empire reaches its furthes extent. Battle of Tours prevents further advance northwards
747 CE-Revolt defeats the Umayyads.


Websites:
World of Islam- The history of the world of islam
World of Islam-Understanding Islam better.
World of Islam- Understanding the religion.
World of Islam- The inventions of Ancient Islam that helped make the modern world what it is.
World of Islam- Literature that helped pass down their customs to us.

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