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1800-1870Kaylee, Eliza, Hannah
Industrial Revolution and Intellectual Development This was the second push for more advanced technology and it was also a time when many new ideas about government systems were created. A couple of the most famous inventions were the light bulb by Thomas Edison and the telephone by Alexander Graham Bell in 1876. These inventions were created because of the discovery of electricity. Some of the other inventions of the era were the Kodak camera created by Eastman and the gasoline powered car invented by Daimler and Maybach. There were also some important discoveries made in this time. For example Guglielmo Marconi sent the first radio waves across the Atlantic Ocean. Next there were many ideas about how a government should be run and how the power should be distributed. Some believed that a classless society was what a country needed this theory was called the Marx’s Theory after Karl Marx who published his idea in The Communist Manifesto. There were multiple parties that followed Marx’s theories mixed in with their own beliefs. Two of these such parties were called the socialists, which worked in parliament to help the working class, and the revisionists, who believed there would be no revolution and thought communism would be achieved through organizing political parties to form that system. The World War I was fought to prevent the spread of this super powerful and controlling government system. Last the inventions of this era are probably the most popular inventions created because from modifying them we have the cars we use today, the lights and electricity we use, and finally, the cell phones. These inventions make communication, transportation and the manufacturing of goods much easier and greatly affect our economy. Lastly World War I was fought to keep America free and had a tremendous effect on the world today.




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A telephone from the era.
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One of the first gasoline powered automobiles.
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Albert Einstein


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Queen Victoria of Great Britain
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Czar Alexander II of Russia

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Robert Fulton- builds the first paddle-wheel steamboat.

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James Watt- improved the steamboat.
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Karl Marx: Writer of The Communist Manifesto.

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A paddle-wheel steamboat.


10 Important People:

Karl Marx-wrote The Communist Manifesto in 1848 and introduced the idea of communism to Europe, his theories about society became known as Marxism
Albert Einstein-nicknamed the Father of the Nuclear Age, created the theory of relativity of E=mc^2 in 1905, regarded as the father of modern physics
Charles Darwin-wrote On the orgin of Species in 1859, created the theory of evolution and also the idea of natural selection, traveled on the HMS Beagle around the world exploring and studying plants and animals
Robert Fulton-built the first paddle-wheel steamboat called the Clermont in 1807, this made transportation easier on the Great Lakes and along the Atlantic Coast
James Watt-Scottish engineer who improved the steam engine during the 1760, known as the Godfather of the Industrial Revolution, developed the concept of horsepower and the SI unit of watt is named after him
Alexander Graham Bell-invented the telephone in 1876 and was awarded the first US patent in history, a ceremonial telephone call took place in 1892 from New York to Chicago
Thomas Edison- also known as the Wizard of Menlo Park, invented the lightbulb in 1879, one of the first inventors to apply the principles of mass production and large teamwork to the process of inventing
Sigmund Freud- stated that human behavior is strongly determined by our unconscious, came up with the Id(needs and desires) and the Ego(self), also created psychoanalysis
Henry Ford- created the Ford Model T and is known for introducing the mass production stragety of an assembly line in 1908, his first Model T was called the "Tin Lizy"
Eli Whitney- creator of the cotton gin, which is known as one of the most profound inventions of the Industrial Revolution, and he also created interchangeable parts, specialized in gun parts
Orville and Wilbur Wright- invented the first airplane in 1903 in Kittyhawk, North Carolina, first flight took place on December 17, 1903

Terms:
Capital: To invest in the new industrialism machines and factories needed to house them.
Entrepreneurs: Interesting in finding new business opportunities and new ways to make profit.
Burgher: Town-dweller in the middle class, may have been active as a merchant.
Socialism: System in which society, usually form government, owns and controls means of production.
Natural Selection: Some organisms are more adaptable to the environment than others.
Proletariat: The working class, the oppressed in the industrialized society.
Dictatorship: Government in which a person or group has absolute power over a country.
Feminism: Movement of women’s rights. That had begun in the Enlightenment.
Suffragists: People who advocate the extension of political rights, such as voting rights.
Psychoanalysis: Method by which a therapist and patient probe into the patient’s memory.

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Timeline:
1807: Robert Fulton builds the first paddle-wheel steamboat.
1814: The Congress of Vienna first meets.
1830: The First Public railway line opens up in Great Britain.
1837: Victoria becomes the queen of Great Britian.
1848: Revolutions began erupting in Europe.
1853: The Crimean War begins.
1861: Czar Alexander II frees the Russian serfs.
1865: U.S. Confederate troops surrender.
1871: German unification achieved.




Inventions-a closer look at Eli Whitney's cotton gin
tiimeline- timeline of the major events during the Industrial Revolution
Inventors- biography of inventor James Watt
Summary- summary of Karl Marx's The Communist Manifesto
Industries- closer look at the textile industry
Workers- current laws regarding child labor which came about during the Industrial Rev.
Summary- summary of the Industrial Revolution
Inventors- history of the Ford Model T
Inventors- biography of Albert Einstein
Inventors- fun facts about Alexander Graham Bell
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Propaganda to boost morale