Ancient Greece
Kaylee Stock, Makenzie Preston, Nicole Johnson1900-133 B.C.
Athens was a city-state in central Greece where Sparta was a city-state which settled along the southern edge of Greece. the people of Athens choose their spot because it was nearby to a seaport and steep hills made it easier to defend. Sparta appears in Homer's epics and history. Sparta was unique in the way that they had two kings at the same time rather than just one or rather no kings at that point of their settlement.

What made the Spartans such great warriors was that they worked together because they had been taught at a very young age that if you work together then you will be victorious. When the boys turned seven they left home and were sent to training with other spartan boys their age. At the school they learned to spend their time exercising and how to fight, not to read or write or to even play music. What helped made them tough and ready for what war held in front of them, the teachers would never feed them enough or give them enough clothing. They were taught to value what they had and to not ask more.

Spartan girls were left at home while the boys were sent away. While home they learned how to be a proper wife, mother and housekeeper. The girls were also taught to get plenty of exercise and to stay fit. They ran the household and learned how to weave and to help support a family and a husband that would always be to tough to be emotionally their for them.

Greece Map


Homer-An ancient Greek poet, author of the Iliad and the Odyssey. He has often been considered the greatest and most influential of all poets.
Alexander the Great- king of Macedon; conqueror of Greece and Egypt and Persia; founder of Alexandria (356-323 BC).
Aristotle-Greek philosopher and scientist. A pupil of Plato and tutor to Alexander the Great, he founded a school (the Lyceum).
Pericles-Athenian statesman and general. He masterminded Athenian strategy in the Peloponnesian War.
Socrates-ancient Athenian philosopher. His disciple Plato wrote about Socrates' attempt to reach understanding


Phalanx-A body of troops or police officers, standing or moving in close formation.
Arisotcracy-A form of government in which power is held by the nobility.
Sparta-A city in the southern Peloponnese in Greece, capital of Laconia; pop. 13,000. It was a powerful city-state in the 5th century bc.
Helots-A member of a class of serfs in ancient Sparta.
Ephors-in ancient Greece) One of five senior Spartan magistrates
Architecture-art and architecture exampls of Ancient Greece
Spartans-overview of the life and training of Spartans
Photos-photo gallery of ancient temples
Athens-overview of the ancient city of Athens
War-examples and explanations of the warfare used in Ancient Greece

Timeline of Important Events:
2500 BC-The great Minoan civilization
1200 BC-The Trojan War and the destruction of Troy (Ilium)
1050 BC-The Dark Ages of Greece and the fall of the Mycenean culture
750 BC- Homer writes the Iliad and the Odyssey
505 BC- Cleisthenes introduces democracy in Athens
490 BC- Greek / Persian Wars led by Xerxes
430 BC- Outbreak of Bubonic Plague in Athens
384 BC- Aristotle is born
323 BC- Alexander the Great dies at Babylon
323 BC-The Hellenistic Period

A tomb now suffices him for whom the whole world was not sufficient.-Alexander the Great