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chinese rulers

Ancient China-Kaylee Stock, Nicole Johnson, Makenzie Preston
4000 B.C-A.D 500
The Huang He stretched across China. It brings yellow silt from Mongolia to the Pacific Ocean. There is only 10 percent of land that is used for farming. The first dynasty found in China was the Xia Dynasty which was soon replaced by the Shang dynasty. The Shang dynasty was ruled by aristocracy, the capital city was Anyang. The king divided the land into territories that were governed by military leaders. To communicate with gods they used oracle bones, which were used by priests scratching questions on them and then determining the meaning of the answer they recieved.
The revolt against the Shang dynasty led to a new dynasty, the Zhou dynasty, which lasted for almost 800 years. The head of government was the Zhou king. The king was the link between Heaven and Earth. It was the kings duty to keep the gods pleased in order to protect the people. When the Zhou dynasty started to fall the kingdom had divided into several small territories. In 403 B.C a civil war started. The Qin dynasty was started after a powerful civil war, states fought on another and ignored the Zhou kings. One state defeated the chief rivals. By 221bc the Qin ruler declared the creation on a new dynasty. The ruler was Qin Shihuangdi, meaning "the First Qin Emperor." The Qin Dynasty changed chinese politics, the government now was in charge of leaglism and who ever didnt like the governments decisions was punished or executed.
Somewhere around 500 and 200 B.C. three major thoughts started in China: Confucianism, Daoism, and Legalism. Confucianism was a system of Confucian ideas. Confucius was known as the first teacher. Daoism was ideas based on teachings of Laozi. Legalism proposed that humans were evil by nature. They believed that a strong ruler was needed to have an orderly society.
Laozi
Laozi

People:

Wei Dynasty- any of several imperial dynasties of China ruling from 220 to 265 and from 386 to 556.
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Liu Sung Dynasty

Laozi-was a mystic philosopher
Wudi-Emperor of the Chinese Han dynasty who vastly increased its authority and its influence
Liu Sung Dynasty- Dynasty in China
Liang Dynasty-The name of two Chinese dynasties, the Earlier Liang Dynasty and the Later Liang Dynasty.

Terms:

Silk Road-ancient caravan route that linked Xian in central China with the eastern Mediterranean.
Philosophy-The study of the fundamental nature of knowledge, reality, and existence, esp. when considered as an academic discipline.
millet-A fast-growing cereal plant that is widely grown in warm countries and regions with poor soils.
Huang River-the second longest river in China
Mandate of heaven- The Mandate of Heaven is a traditional Chinese philosophical concept concerning the legitimacy of rulers.

A superior man is modest in his speech, but exceeds in his actions.-Confucius


Great Wall of China
Great Wall of China

China Map
China Map

Religion-explanation of the main religion in China

Dynasties-closer look at the Zhou and Shang dynasties

Photos-photo gallery of the Great Wall of China

Confucianism-explanation of the beliefs and teachings of Confucianism

Timeline-history and timeline of major events in Ancient China

Timeline of Important Events:

2070-1600 B.C.- Xia Dynasty
1600-1046 B.C.- Shang Dynasty
221-206 B.C- Qin Dynasty
222-280- Wu Dynasty
581-618- Sui Dynasty
618-907- Tang Dynasty
951-960- Zhou Dynasty
1206-1368- Yuan Dynasty
1368-1644- Ming Dynasty
1616-1911- Qing Dynasty

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